The ancient civilizations throughout Latin America have valued gold for thousands of years, and it was the lust for gold that attracted the Spanish explorers to this part of the world. It has been mined all throughout this region, from small-scale miners up to large commercial mining companies. From northern Mexico all the way to the southern tip of Chile, this is truly one of the richest gold-bearing areas on Earth. Some of the largest gold mines are found here, and there is still potential for future discoveries. Undoubtedly, there are millions of ounces of gold still yet to be found here.