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Alaska’s Mining Country: The Land of Big Gold!

Big Gold Nugget from AK

There have been some huge gold nuggets found in Alaska. It is one of the most remote mining regions on Earth, and it still holds great potential for gold mining. There are vast unexcavated areas containing rich gold veins and ores remain unexplored which when opened up could push the mining operations well into the next century.

Alaska was the last state that gold was discovered in the United States. It was the famous gold rush to the Klondike region that brought the first white men to this remote part of the country. Prior to this discovery, only a small number of native people inhabited this region. At this moment, Alaska produces more gold than any of the other states of the United States except for Nevada.


Major Gold Mines


Prospectors eventually ventured out and continued finding gold all throughout Alaska. There are literally thousands of locations in the state that gold can be found, and many of these places produce large gold nuggets. In fact, Alaska is probably one of the best places left on Earth to search for gold nuggets,

First, let’s take a look at a few of the major commercial mines. A few notable ones include:

  • Fort Knox: This mine is owned by the Kinross Gold Corporation and situated on Mental Health Trust and Alaska State lands. The mine contained an estimated 1,900,000 Troy ounces of gold at the end of 2015.
  • Kensington Underground Gold Mine: This mine is situated in the Berners Bay Mining district near Juneau. The mine has a probable reserve of 560,000 Troy ounces of gold.
  • Pogo Underground Mine: This mine is located about 80 miles southeast of Fairbanks. The mine produced 227,901 Troy ounces of gold in 2018.

    Placer Mining Regions of Alaska


    Gold Nuggets found in Alaska.

    All of this gold was found within 50 miles of Fairbanks, Alaska. A small-scale placer miner recovered these using a loader and a trommel. The bigger nuggets weigh about 1/2 ounce. Not pictured is roughly 100 ounces of fines that were also mined this season also. ~$20,000 value pictured.

    Apart from the privately owned mines (which are inaccessible to the average prospector), the state of Alaska is rife with smaller placer mines with many miners continuing the enterprise over several generations. Placer mining averages around 74,360 Troy ounces annually which is close to 8% of Alaska’s total gold production.

    Rich gold mining districts are found in virtually all parts of the state.

    There are many rich gold areas on the Seward Peninsula. The best known are the famous beach placers of Nome. While most of the gold found in the sand at Nome is fine textured, nearby Anvil Creek just west of town has produced some massive gold nuggets over the years! Gold was first discovered around these parts in 1898 by the “Three Lucky Swedes” and since then over 3.6 million ounces of gold has been recovered from the area.

    There are also many rich mining districts a few hundred miles southeast of the Seward Peninsula along the Yukon and Kuskokwim Rivers. The Kuskokswim Gold Belt is described as broken belt of gold bearing rocks that have the reputation of producing large nuggets and considerable gold.

    Some of the better known mining districts in this belt are the Fortymile and Iditarod districts. Two areas in this region that are well-known for producing large gold nuggets are Ganes Creek and Moore Creek, both of which have been popular destinations for gold prospectors using metal detectors.

    This map shows the distribution of major gold mining districts in Alaska.

    Chicken Creek is another gold rich destination in this area where gold was discovered way back in 1896. Gold panning and placer mining is popular around Chicken. Recreational miners have reported finding multi-ounce nuggets in this area with nice nuggets continuing to be found.

    Jack Wade Creek Gold Panning Area runs along the Taylor Highway just a few miles north of Chicken. There are several miles of creek that are unclaimed and open to panning, sluicing and metal detecting. This is another area that can produce some really nice nuggets if you put in the time. Running a good metal detector over the old tailing piles can be very productive.

    Further inland, many gold bearing areas are found on the Yukon traveling upriver toward the Klondike. Rich placers are found around Fairbanks in the Yukon and Tanana River basins and on the Chena River. The gold discoveries near Fairbanks were discovered as late as 1902, and are considered to be the last great gold rush in America.

    Plenty of gold has been found in the area around Cook Inlet in South-central Alaska. The Kenai Peninsula, Cache Creek, Willow Creek, and Valdez Creek are some of major gold districts around Cook Inlet and Anchorage. A lot of big nuggets have been found here too.

    Nome Alaska Gold

    Some of the biggest gold nuggets to come out of Alaska were from Anvil Creek at Nome. Pictured here are 3 of them… a 97 oz., 100oz., and 182 oz. nugget. The values represented are based on a gold price that is just a fraction of what it is today. The gold value alone would be around $1/2 a million dollars! On the collectors market the 3 nuggets together would probably sell for closer to $1 million!


    Alaska’s Biggest Gold


    A nugget weighing 182 troy ounces was found at Anvil Creek near Nome back in 1903, and it was the largest nugget found in Alaska for nearly a century. There have been several documented discoveries of nuggets in Anvil Creek that weighed over 100 ounces. It still holds great potential for large nuggets.

    The Ruby district is another place where huge gold nuggets are found. The biggest is the Alaska Centennial Nugget. It was found in Swift Creek near the town of Ruby, Alaska in 1998 and weighed a massive 294 troy ounces!

    Several of Alaska’s largest gold nuggets have come from the Brooks Mountain Range in northern Alaska. Many nuggets have been found near the town of Wiseman that weighed over 100 troy ounces. The Middle Fork of the Koyukuk River, Hammond River, Wiseman Creek, and Nolan Creek all produced some awesome gold, and miners are still finding some impressive gold nuggets here.

    Ganes Creek and Moore Creek are in the Iditarod mining district. For many years, there were pay-to-play operations here where prospectors came from all around the world to search for gold nuggets with metal detectors. Many impressive nuggets and specimens have been found in the tailing piles of these mining operations.

    Gold Dredges of Alaska


    Advantages of Mining in Alaska


    Alaska has very favorable mining laws when compared to all of the other states in the U.S. Restrictive regulations make it very difficult to operate large-scale mining operations in the lower 48 states, but Alaska still has decent laws that support the mining industry here. Most federal and state owned lands are open for recreational mining as long as regulations related to mining techniques are followed.

    Unlike many other states, much of the gold found in Alaska today is still being recovered by placer mining. As per 2015 data produced by Mine Safety and Health Administration, there are 120 active full-time placer miners in Alaska. Experts suggest that the number is a vast misrepresentation and the actual number is considerably higher, easily in the thousands.

    In most parts of the U.S. it is the lode mines produce the vast majority of the gold, but in Alaska there are still rich placers that have yet to be mined. Since tourism is such a large industry in Alaska, quite a few old family owned mines and placer mines have now been opened to the general public where gold panning and sluicing is allowed. Just about any sizable town in Alaska will have some type of panning opportunities for visitors.

    There are a handful of business that cater to more serious miners and offer chances to mine using larger equipment paid by a daily or weekly rate. These are good places to look more into if you are coming to Alaska specifically to mine for gold.

    Find Gold in Alaska


    Challenges for Gold Miners in Alaska


    The harsh weather and short mining season make mining in Alaska challenging. Miners only have a few months to get as much gold as they can before the hard winter sets in.

    Overburden is challenging in Alaska. There are many rich gold bearing areas that are covered with barren ground that needs to be stripped to reach the best placer ground. Combined with the short mining season, it means that having a profitable mining season can be a real challenge.

    There are still some big gold nuggets waiting to be discovered in Alaska. The fact that the largest gold nugget in Alaska was found only 20 years ago proves that there is still a good chance of finding a trophy nugget here!


    Next: An Introduction to Metal Detecting for Gold Nuggets


    The Platinum Mining Dredges of Good News Bay, AK

    United States Gold Production: Then & Now

    One of Alaska’s Greatest Treasures – Gold Dredge #8

    15 Historic Photos of Hydraulic Gold Mining

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